Carrello Lista desideri Login Registrati Aiuto e FAQ Buoni regalo Spedizioni
Ricerca
Books

Carboranes

CarboranesTitoloCarboranes
AutoreGrimes, Russell N.
Prezzo
€ 188,87   Spedizioni gratuite in Italia
(Prezzo € 194,71)
CategoriaScience: Chemistry - Organic
Science: Chemistry - Inorganic
Science: Life Sciences - Biochemistry
RilegaturaHardcover
Dati1139 p.; ill.
Anno2011
EditoreAcademic Press
Normalmente disponibile per la spedizione entro 4/5 settimane

Aggiungi alla lista dei desideri
Prezzo di copertina: Dollari$ 245.00 (Come calcoliamo i prezzi in euro)
nectarQuesto prodotto dà diritto a 189 punti Nectar.
Per saperne di più
Condividi 
FacebookTwitterTwitterTwitterTwitter
altri
Descrizione
Provides an introduction to the basic principles underlying the synthesis, structures, reactivity, and applications of carboranes and metallacarboranes at a level suitable for readers in industry and academe who are not trained in boron chemistry but find themselves working with, or lecturing about carboranes.

Indice e argomenti trattati
Prefacexvii
Chapter 1 Introduction and History
1
Chapter 2 Structure and Bonding
7
2.1 General Perspective
7
2.2 Nomenclature and Numbering
7
2.3 The Localized-bond Approach
8
2.4 Structural Patterns in Boron Clusters
9
2.5 Extensions of the Electron-counting Rules
14
2.6 Electron-counting in Classically Bonded Clusters
15
2.7 Isomer Stability and Cage Rearrangement
16
2.8 Cluster Aromaticity
16
2.9 "Electron Deficiency" in Polyhedral Boron Clusters
17
Chapter 3 Synthesis and Reactivity: An Overview
21
3.1 General Preparative Routes to Carboranes
21
3.1.1 Borane-alkyne Gas Phase Reactions
21
3.1.2 Borane-alkyne Reactions in Solution
22
3.1.3 Carborane-alkyne Reactions
22
3.1.4 Carbon Insertion via Cyano- and Isocyanoboranes
22
3.1.5 Carboranes from Organoboranes
22
3.2 Interconversion Reactions
23
3.2.1 Polyhedral Rearrangement
23
3.2.2 Metal-promoted Cage Fusion
23
3.2.3 Polyhedral Expansion and Contraction
23
3.3 Substitution at Cage Carbon and Boron Atoms
24
3.4 Carboranes as Substituents and Ligands
25
Chapter 4 Small Carboranes: Four- to Six-vertex Clusters
27
4.1 Overview
27
4.2 4-Vertex Open Clusters
27
4.2.1 CB3HX and C2B2HX
27
4.3 5-Vertex Open Clusters
28
4.3.1 Nido- and Arachno-CB4 Systems
28
4.3.2 Nido-1,2-C2B3H7
29
4.3.3 Other Open-cage C2B3 Clusters
32
4.3.4 Nido-C3B2 Clusters
32
4.4 5-Vertex Closo Clusters
33
4.4.1 CB4HX
33
4.4.2 1,5-C2B3H5
33
4.4.3 Closo-C3B2H5+
41
4.5 6-Vertex Open Clusters
41
4.5.1 Nido-2-CB5H9
41
4.5.2 Hypho-CB5H13
44
4.5.3 Nido-2,3-C2B4H8
45
4.5.4 Nido-2,4-C2B4H8
56
4.5.5 Arachno- and Hypho-C2B4HX Clusters
59
4.5.6 Nido-2,3,4-C3B3H7
60
4.5.7 Nido-2,3,5-C3B3H7
62
4.5.8 Nido-2,3,4,5-C4B2H6
64
4.5.9 Nido-2,3,4,5,6-C5BH6+
72
4.6 6-Vertex Closo Clusters
73
4.6.1 1-CB5H7 and 1-CB5H6-
73
4.6.2 1,2- and 1,6-C2B4H6
75
Chapter 5 Intermediate Carboranes: Seven- to Nine-vertex Clusters
93
5.1 Overview
93
5.2 7-Vertex Open Clusters
93
5.2.1 Nido-C2B5H8-
93
5.3 7-Vertex Closo Clusters
94
5.3.1 2-CB6H7-
94
5.3.2 2,3-C2B5H7
96
5.3.3 2,4-C2B5H7
99
5.3.4 C3B4 Clusters
111
5.4 8-Vertex Open Clusters
111
5.4.1 Arachno-CB7H13 and CB7H12-
111
5.4.2 Nido-C2B6H10
112
5.4.3 Nido-C2B6H82-
114
5.4.4 Arachno-C2B6H12
115
5.4.5 Hypho-C2B6H13-
116
5.4.6 Nido-C3B5H9
116
5.4.7 Nido-C4B4H8
116
5.5 8-Vertex Closo Clusters
120
5.5.1 CB7H8
120
5.5.2 1,7-C2B6H8
121
5.6 9-Vertex Open Clusters
124
5.6.1 Nido-CB8H12, Arachno-CB8H14, and Arachno-CB8H13-
124
5.6.2 Nido-C2B7H11
127
5.6.3 Arachno-C2B7H13
127
5.6.4 Hypho-C3B6H13-
133
5.7 9-Vertex Closo Clusters
134
5.7.1 4-CB8H9-
134
5.7.2 4,5-C2B7H9
134
Chapter 6 Ten-vertex Carboranes
145
6.1 Overview
145
6.2 10-Vertex Open Clusters
145
6.2.1 Nido-CB9H12- and Arachno-CB9H14-
145
6.2.2 Nido-C2B8H12
149
6.2.3 Arachno-C2B8H14
155
6.2.4 Nido-C3B7H11 and Arachno-C3B7H13
158
6.2.5 Nido-C4B6H10
161
6.2.6 Arachno-C4B6H12
162
6.3 10-Vertex Closo Clusters
162
6.3.1 1- and 2-CB9H10-
162
6.3.2 C2B8H10
171
Chapter 7 Eleven-vertex Carboranes
187
7.1 Overview
187
7.2 11-Vertex Open Clusters
187
7.2.1 Nido-CB10H13-
187
7.2.2 Nido-C2B9H13, Nido-C2B9H12-, and Nido-C2B9H112-
197
7.2.3 Nido-C3B8H12 and Nido-C3B8H11-
239
7.2.4 Nido-C4B7H11
244
7.2.5 Arachno-C4B7H13
245
7.3 11-Vertex Closo Clusters
246
7.3.1 Closo-CB10H11-
246
7.3.2 Closo-C2B9H11
248
Chapter 8 Icosahedral Carboranes: Closo-CB11 Clusters
267
8.1 Overview
267
8.2 Synthesis and Structure
267
8.2.1 Parent CB11H12-
267
8.2.2 Substitution at Carbon
283
8.2.3 Substitution at Boron by Electrophilic Reagents
284
8.2.4 Synthesis of B-substituted Derivatives via Boron Insertion
286
8.2.5 Polyhalogenation at Boron
286
8.2.6 Polyalkylation at Boron
287
8.2.7 Mixed Alkyl-halo Derivatives
288
8.2.8 Acid-base Properties
289
8.2.9 Metal Complexation
290
8.2.10 Special Properties of CB11Me12-, HCB11Me11-, and CB11Me12
293
Chapter 9 Icosahedral Carboranes: 1,2-C2B10H12
301
9.1 Overview
301
9.2 Synthesis of the 1,2-C2B10 Cage
301
9.2.1 From B10H14
301
9.2.2 From BH4- Salts
376
9.2.3 Boron Addition to 11-vertex Nido-carboranes
376
9.2.4 Other o-Carborane-forming Reactions
376
9.3 Structure and Properties
376
9.4 Substitution at Carbon
377
9.4.1 Metallation with Group 1 and 2 Metals
377
9.4.2 Substitution via C-metallated Carboranes
381
9.4.3 Substitution at Carbon Without Metallation
394
9.5 Substitution at Boron
395
9.5.1 Indirect Routes to B-substituted Derivatives
395
9.5.2 Direct Substitution on o-carboranyl Boron Atoms
396
9.5.3 Addition of Transition Metals at Boron
404
9.5.4 Metal-promoted Cross-coupling of B-halo-o-carboranes
405
9.6 Alkyl, Haloalkyl, and Aryl Derivatives
406
9.6.1 Properties of Alkyl and Haloalkyl Derivatives
406
9.6.2 Properties of Aryl Derivatives
406
9.7 Alkenyl and Alkynyl Derivatives
411
9.7.1 Properties of Alkenyl Derivatives
411
9.7.2 Properties of Alkynyl Derivatives
417
9.8 Carboxylic Acids and Esters
418
9.8.1 Synthesis of Carboxylic Acids
418
9.8.2 Properties of o-carboranyl Carboxylic Acids
425
9.9 Alcohols, Hydroxy Derivatives, and Ethers
427
9.9.1 Synthesis
427
9.9.2 Reactions of Alcohols and Ethers
434
9.10 Aldehydes and Ketones
435
9.10.1 Synthesis of Aldehydes
435
9.10.2 Synthesis of Ketones
436
9.10.3 Reactions of o-carboranyl Aldehydes and Ketones
440
9.11 Silicon Derivatives
442
9.11.1 C-silyl Derivatives
443
9.11.2 B-organosilyl Derivatives
454
9.12 Germanium, Tin, and Lead Derivatives
454
9.12.1 C-germyl and C-stannyl Derivatives
454
9.12.2 B-stannyl Derivatives
460
9.12.3 C-plumbyl Derivatives
461
9.13 Nitrogen Derivatives
461
9.13.1 Nitrato, Nitro, and Related Compounds
461
9.13.2 Amines, Azides, and Diazonium Salts
463
9.13.3 Nitrogen Heterocycles
467
9.13.4 Amides and Imides
471
9.13.5 Nitriles, Isonitriles, and Isocyanates
471
9.13.6 Carbamates and Ureas
473
9.14 Phosphorus, Arsenic, Antimony, and Bismuth Derivatives
475
9.14.1 Phosphino and Related Derivatives
475
9.14.2 Phosphates, Phosphites, and Related Derivatives
478
9.14.3 Thiophosphites and Thiophosphates
481
9.14.4 Cyclotriphosphazenes
483
9.14.5 Metal Complexes
484
9.14.6 Cage-opening Reactions
487
9.15 Sulfur, Selenium, and Tellurium Derivatives
488
9.15.1 Thiols, Thioethers, Disulfides, and Related Compounds
488
9.15.2 Metal Complexes
495
9.16 Halogen Derivatives
501
9.16.1 Synthesis
501
9.16.2 Properties of B-decahalo-o-carboranes
501
9.16.3 Properties of Partially B-halogenated o-carboranes
502
9.16.4 Properties of C-halo-o-carboranes
505
9.16.5 Properties of C-halomethyl-o-carboranes
506
9.17 Mercury Derivatives
506
Chapter 10 Icosahedral Carboranes: 1,7-C2B10H12 and 1,12-C2B10H12
541
10.1 Overview
541
10.2 Synthesis and Structure
541
10.2.1 m-Carborane
541
10.2.2 p-Carborane
603
10.3 Cage Rearrangement Mechanisms
604
10.4 "Reverse Isomerization": 1,12- → 1,7- → 1,2-C2B10H12
606
10.5 Substitution at Carbon
607
10.5.1 Metallation with Group 1 and 2 Metals
607
10.5.2 Substitution via C-metallated Carboranes
608
10.6 Substitution at Boron
617
10.6.1 Boron Insertion into Nido-C2B9 Dianions
617
10.6.2 Nucleophilic Displacement
617
10.6.3 Electrophilic Alkylation
617
10.6.4 Electrophilic Halogenation
618
10.6.5 Photochemical (Radical) Halogenation
619
10.6.6 Fluorination
619
10.6.7 Addition of Main-group Elements and Mercury at Boron
620
10.6.8 Addition of Transition Metals at Boron
622
10.6.9 Organosubstitution at Boron
622
10.7 Alkyl, Haloalkyl, and Aryl Derivatives
625
10.7.1 Properties of Alkyl- and Haloalkyl-substituted m- and p-carboranes
625
10.7.2 Properties of Aryl-substituted m- and p-carboranes
625
10.8 Alkenyl and Alkynyl Derivatives
628
10.8.1 Reactions and Electronic Properties
628
10.9 Carboxylic Acids and Esters
631
10.9.1 Synthesis
631
10.9.2 Properties of m- and p-carboranyl Carboxylic Acids
632
10.10 Alcohols, Hydroxy Derivatives, and Ethers
635
10.10.1 Synthesis
635
10.10.2 Properties of m- and p-carboranyl Alcohols
637
10.11 Aldehydes and Ketones
638
10.11.1 Synthesis
638
10.11.2 Properties
639
10.12 Silicon, Germanium, Tin, and Lead Derivatives
640
10.12.1 Synthesis
640
10.12.2 Properties
641
10.13 Nitrogen Derivatives
641
10.13.1 Nitro, Nitrito, and Related Compounds
642
10.13.2 Amines, Azides, and Diazonium Salts
642
10.13.3 Nitrogen Heterocycles
644
10.13.4 Amides and Imides
646
10.13.5 Nitriles, Isonitriles, and Isocyanates
646
10.13.6 Ureas
647
10.14 Phosphorus Derivatives
648
10.14.1 Synthesis
648
10.14.2 Properties
648
10.15 Sulfur, selenium, and Tellurium Derivatives
650
10.15.1 Synthesis
650
10.15.2 Properties
652
10.16 Halogen Derivatives
653
10.16.1 Synthesis and Properties
653
10.16.2 C-halo Derivatives
653
10.16.3 B-halo Derivatives
653
Chapter 11 Open 12-Vertex and Supra-Icosahedral Carboranes
675
11.1 Overview
675
11.2 Open-Cage C2B10 Anions
675
11.2.1 Reduction of Neutral C2B10 icosahedra
675
11.2.2 Carbon-bridged Clusters
682
11.3 Nido- and Arachno-C4B8 Carboranes
684
11.3.1 Synthesis of Nido-C4B8 cages
685
11.3.2 Structure and Fluxional Behavior of C4B8 Clusters
688
11.3.3 Metal Complexation of Nido-R4C4B8H8 Carboranes
689
11.3.4 Formation and Properties of Arachno-R4C4B8B8n- mono- and Dianions
689
11.3.5 Synthesis of Neutral Arachno-C4B8 Clusters
691
11.3.6 Deboronation of Nido-C4B8 Cages
691
11.3.7 General Observations
692
11.4 Arachno-C6B6 Carboranes
692
11.5 Supra-Icosahedral Carboranes
692
11.5.1 13-vertex C2B11 and 14-vertex C2B12 Clusters
692
Chapter 12 Heteroatom Carboranes of the Main Group Elements
701
12.1 Overview
701
12.2 Heterocarboranes of the Group 1 and 2 Elements
701
12.2.1 Lithium, Sodium, Potassium, and Rubidium
701
12.2.2 Beryllium, Magnesium, Calcium, Strontium, and Barium
705
12.3 Heterocarboranes of the Group 13 Elements
707
12.3.1 Aluminum
710
12.3.2 Gallium and Indium
714
12.3.3 Thallium
717
12.4 Heterocarboranes of the Group 14 Elements
718
12.4.1 Silicon
724
12.4.2 Germanium
725
12.4.3 Tin and Lead
728
12.5 Heterocarboranes of the Group 15 Elements
732
12.5.1 Nitrogen
732
12.5.2 Phosphorus
735
12.5.3 Arsenic and Antimony
755
12.6 Heterocarboranes of the Group 16 Elements
758
12.6.1 Sulfur and Selenium
761
Chapter 13 Metallacarboranes of the Transition and Lanthanide Elements
773
13.1 Overview
773
13.2 General Synthetic Methods
773
13.2.1 Insertion of Metal Cations into Open-cage Carborane Anions
773
13.2.2 Insertion of Metals into Neutral Carboranes
809
13.2.3 Insertion of Hydrocarbons into Metallaboranes
809
13.2.4 Polyhedral Expansion and Contraction
811
13.2.5 Oxidative Fusion
812
13.2.6 Metal Displacement and Transfer
813
13.2.7 Metal Atom Reactions
814
13.2.8 Other Routes to Metallacarboranes
814
13.3 Six- and Seven-Vertex Metallacarboranes
815
13.3.1 Closo six-vertex Cages
815
13.3.2 Synthesis of Closo-MC2B4 Cages
815
13.3.3 Functionalization and Linkage of Closo-LMC2B4 and Nido-LMC2B3 Clusters
817
13.3.4 Metal-metal Communication in Linked MC2B4 Clusters
822
13.3.5 Thermal Rearrangement of Seven-vertex Metallacarboranes
822
13.3.6 Small Metallacarboranes in Organic Synthesis
823
13.3.7 Nido-MC2B3 and Closo-M2C2B3 Cages
828
13.3.8 Nido-MC3B2 and Closo-M2C3B2 Cages
833
13.4 Eight- to Eleven-Vertex Metallacarboranes
839
13.4.1 Monocarbon Cages
839
13.4.2 Dicarbon Cages
868
13.4.3 Tricarbon Cages
878
13.4.4 Tetracarbon Clusters
880
13.5 Twelve-Vertex Metallacarboranes
882
13.5.1 Monocarbon Clusters
882
13.5.2 Dicarbon Clusters
951
13.5.3 Tricarbon Clusters
961
13.5.4 Tetracarbon and Pentacarbon Clusters
963
13.6 Supraicosahedral Metallacarboranes
965
13.6.1 Dicarbon 13-vertex Clusters
965
13.6.2 Carbon-rich 13- and 14-vertex Clusters
981
Chapter 14 Carborane Polymers and Dendrimers
1015
14.1 Overview
1015
14.2 Polymers of Subicosahedral Closo-Carboranes
1015
14.3 Polymers of Open-Cage Carboranes
1016
14.4 Polymers of Closo-CB11 Carboranes
1016
14.5 Polymers of Closo-C2B10 Carboranes
1016
14.5.1 Systems with Carborane Units in the Polymeric Chain
1017
14.5.2 Polymers with Pendant Carboranes
1023
14.6 Metallacarborane Polymers
1026
14.6.1 Metallation of Nido-carboranyl Polymers
1027
14.6.2 Metallacarborane Dendrimers
1027
14.6.3 Polymerization of Metallacarborane Monomers
1029
14.6.4 Metallacarboranes as Dopants and Inclusion Compounds in Polymeric Materials
1031
Chapter 15 Carboranes in Catalysis
1037
15.1 Overview
1037
15.2 Non-Metallated Carboranes as Catalytic Agents
1037
15.3 Closo-CB11 Anions in Catalysis
1037
15.3.1 Salts with Main Group Metal Cations
1037
15.3.2 Salts with Transition metal-containing Cations
1038
15.4 Exo-Metallated Carboranes in Catalysis
1039
15.4.1 Closo-carborane Systems
1039
15.4.2 Nido-carborane Systems
1042
15.5 Metallacarboranes in Catalysis
1044
15.5.1 Subicosahedral Clusters
1044
15.5.2 Icosahedral Clusters
1045
15.5.3 Supraicosahedral Clusters
1049
Chapter 16 Carboranes in Medicine
1053
16.1 Overview
1053
16.2 Carboranes in Drug Development
1053
16.2.1 Carboranes as Pharmacophores
1053
16.2.2 HIV Protease Inhibitors
1057
16.2.3 Anticoagulants
1058
16.2.4 Antitumor Agents
1058
16.3 Boron Neutron Capture Therapy
1062
16.3.1 Background
1062
16.3.2 Approaches to BNCT
1063
16.3.3 Small-molecule Boron Delivery Agents
1063
16.3.4 High Molecular Weight Boron Delivery Agents
1066
16.4 Boron Neutron Capture Synovectomy
1070
16.5 Photodynamic Therapy
1070
16.6 Carboranes in Molecular Imaging and Radiotherapy
1071
16.6.1 Radiohalogenation
1071
16.6.2 Radioastatination
1072
16.6.3 Radiometal Labeling
1073
16.6.4 Gadolinium in Imaging and Therapy
1073
16.6.5 Other Carborane-based Imaging Methods
1074
Chapter 17 Carboranes in Other Applications
1083
17.1 Overview
1083
17.2 Metal Ion Extraction
1083
17.3 Carborane-Based Materials
1085
17.3.1 Ionic Liquids
1085
17.3.2 Liquid Crystals
1085
17.3.3 Nonlinear Optical Materials
1086
17.3.4 Electroactive Systems
1088
17.3.5 Networks and Supramolecular Assemblies
1091
17.3.6 Gas separation and Storage Materials
1093
17.3.7 Films and Monolayers
1094
17.3.8 Carboranes in Biomaterials
1095
17.3.9 Carborane-based Ceramics
1095
17.4 Molecular Machines
1096
17.5 Carboranes as Noncatalytic Synthetic Agents
1098
17.6 Carboranes in Analysis
1099
17.6.1 Gas Chromatography
1099
17.6.2 Ion-selective Electrodes
1099
17.7 Into the Future
1100
Index1107

Ricerca Ricerca avanzata
Libri
Libri in italiano
Libri in inglese
Outlet -50%
Libri scolastici
eBook
eBook
eReader
Mobile App
Musica
CD musicali
Vinili
MP3
DVD musicali
Blu-ray musicali
Film e video
DVD
Blu-ray
Giochi
Videogiochi
Giocattoli
Cartoleria e scuola
Sport e svago
Sport
Gadget e accessori
Librerie
Bergamo
Bologna
Ferrara
Firenze
Lecco
Mantova
Novara
Padova
Roma
Treviso
Il mio IBS
I miei dati
IBS Premium
I miei ordini
Lista dei desideri
Le mie preferenze
IBS consiglia
Stampa la tua card

 

Informazioni utili:
Spese e tempi di spedizione
Punti di ritiro
Invio regali
Buoni acquisto (Happy Card)
FAQ
Condizioni generali di vendita
Informativa sulla privacy
PuntiNectar

Pagamenti:
Carte di credito
Carta di credito accettate
PayPal
Paypal
Contrassegno

Come contattarci:
Invio messaggi al servizio di Assistenza Clienti
Tutti i contatti
• Telefono: +39 02 91435230
• Fax: +39 02 91435290

• Seguici su  Facebook Twitter

Servizi per i clienti:
Password dimenticata
Controllo e modifica dei propri dati
Verifica degli ordini effettuati

Opportunità per aziende e enti:
Servizi per le biblioteche
Programma di affiliazione (Informazioni generali)
Accesso alla sezione riservata Partnership Programme IBS
Accesso alla sezione riservata TradeDoubler

Concessionaria di pubblicità:



Con la collaborazione di Argento vivo per il settore editoria libraria

Ufficio stampa: Daniela Ravanetti

Altri siti del network IBS:
Libraccio.it
MYmovies.it
Wuz.it
Librerie Ubik
IBS

Internet Bookshop Italia S.r.l.
Sede Legale Via Giuseppe Verdi n.8 - 20090 Assago MI
Reg. Imprese di Milano 12252360156
R.E.A. Milano 1542508
P.IVA 12252360156
Capitale sociale € 1.054.852 i.v.
IBS è una società soggetta a direzione e coordinamento di Emmelibri srl

Copyright © 1998-2014 Internet Bookshop Italia, tutti i diritti riservati

Licenza SIAE n. 229/I/05-359.


Funzione di ricerca basata su FACT®Finder di OMIKRON

 


IBS