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Sport Psychology: From Theory to Practice

Sport Psychology: From Theory to PracticeTitoloSport Psychology: From Theory to Practice
AutoreAnshel, Mark H.
Prezzo
€ 109,52   Spedizioni gratuite in Italia
(Prezzo € 111,76)
CategoriaSports & Recreation: Sports Psychology
RilegaturaPaperback
Dati382 p.; ill.
Anno2011
EditoreBenjamin-Cummings Publishing Company
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Descrizione
Sport Psychology, Fifth Edition provides a comprehensive overview of sport and exercise psychology. It outlines the theoretical framework and provides the necessary psychological foundation of sport psychology while offering a real-life handbook approach to using psychological strategies as a sport participant and coach. This unique book stresses an applied approach to the field and presents scientific research and empirical data without the use of technical jargon.

Indice e argomenti trattati
Prefacexv
SECTION I OVERVIEW OF THE FIELD
Chapter 1 The Science of Sport Psychology
1
What Is Sport Psychology?
1
The Athlete
3
The Coach
5
The Environment
6
A Brief History of Sport Psychology
7
Different Contributions to Sport Psychology---Sport Science versus Psychology
9
Sport Psychology Is Multidimensional
11
What Do Sport Psychologists Do?
13
Clinical Services
13
Educational Services
13
Research Services
13
Ethics in Sport Psychology
14
Clarification of Correct Titles
14
Ethics in Sport Psychology
14
Key Points
18
Review Questions
19
SECTION II PSYCHOLOGY OF SPORT PERFORMANCE
Chapter 2 Personal Factors Affecting Sport Performance
20
Overview of Sport Personality
21
Separating Traits, Orientations/Styles, and Behavioral Tendencies
21
Behavioral Tendencies
22
Routines
23
In Favor of Sport Personality Testing
24
Against Personality Testing
25
Personality and Gender Roles
26
Profiling the Elite Athlete
26
Early Sport Personality Research
26
Advances in Sport Personality Research
27
Psychological Dispositions
28
Performance Expectations
31
Peak Performance
32
Sport Attention and Concentration
33
Preparing an Athlete for Optimal Performance
35
Fear of Failure (FOF)
37
Fear of Success (FOS)
38
Audience Effects on Athlete's Performance
39
The Home Field Advantage
40
Talent Identification (TID): Does It Work?
40
Drugs in Sport
43
Anabolic Steroids
43
Psychological Issues of Sport Injury and Rehabilitation
45
Fears of the Injured Athlete
45
Mental Factors Affecting Return and Recovery from Injury
45
Mental Reasons for Poorer Postinjury Sport Performance
46
Recovery Strategies
47
Pain Threshold and Tolerance
48
Role of Athletic Trainers and Coaches
48
Rehabilitation Compliance Issues
49
Key Points
50
Review Questions
51
Chapter 3 Youth Sports: Special Considerations and Needs of Child Athletes
52
Sport Socialization: Antecedents of Sport Participation
53
General Model of Achievement and Activity Choice
53
Why Children Play Sports and Why They Drop Out
58
Why Children Participate in Sport
58
Why Children Drop Out of Sport
58
When Are Children Ready for Competition?
61
Primary Factors of Readiness
61
Signs of Readiness for Learning Sport Skills
62
Sport Commitment Model
63
The Proper Role of Parents in Youth Sport
64
Coaching Children: Positive Approaches to Avoiding Dropout
68
The Coaching Behavior Assessment System (CBAS)
69
Mastery Approach to Coaching
70
Gender Differences: Implications for Coaching Females
70
The Role of Parents
71
The Parent Orientation Meeting
72
Postseason Evaluation
74
Bill of Rights for Young Athletes
77
Concluding Thoughts and Recommendations
78
Key Points
81
Review Questions
81
Chapter 4 Motivation: Theory & Application
82
Defining Terms: What Is Motivation?
83
Sources of Motivation
84
Person-Centered Motivational Sources
84
Situational-Centered Motivational Sources
84
Interactive Personal and Situational Motivational Sources
85
Theories of Motivation
86
Achievement Motivation
86
Achievement Goal Theory (AGT)
87
Goal Orientation
88
Mastery and Ego Orientation
88
Application of Achievement Motivation
89
Competence Motivation Theory
89
Self-Determination Theory
90
Deci's Cognitive Evaluation Theory: Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation
90
Application of Cognitive Evaluation Theory
94
The Hierarchal Model of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation
95
How Not to Motivate Athletes
98
Myth #1 Exercise for Punishment
98
Myth #2 The Pregame Prep Talk
98
Myth #3 Our Opponent Is Weak
99
Myth #4 "Our Goal Is to Win"
99
Myth #5 Treating Team Players Differently
99
Myth #6 "If They Don't Complain, They're Happy"
99
Myth #7 "What Do Athletes Know, Anyway?"
99
Myth #8 The Postgame Rampage
100
Myth #9 The Napoleon Complex
100
Myth #10 Fear!
100
Group Motivation Strategies
101
Motivating the Child Athlete
102
Motivating the Nonstarter
102
Team Motivation
103
Key Points
104
Review Questions
105
Chapter 5 Attribution Theory: Explaining the Causes of Performance Outcomes
106
Weiner's Attribution Model
107
Stability
107
Controllability/Locus of Casuality
108
Weiner's Model Applied to Sport
109
Attributional Style
110
Changing Locus of Causality
111
Attributions and Skilled Athletes
113
Learned Helplessness and Hopelessness
114
Reducing Learned Helplessness: Attribution Retraining
115
Attributions and Helplessness: The Coach's Role
117
Attributions for Motivation in Sport and Exercise
118
Review of Important Concepts
120
Key Points
120
Review Questions
121
Chapter 6 Regulating Stress, Anxiety, and Arousal
122
Defining Terms
123
Theoretical Foundations
123
Stress
124
The Concept of Positive Stress
124
Arousal
125
Anxiety
126
Anxiety about Failure and Success
127
Ways to Measure Anxiety
128
Arousal
130
The Coach's Role in Game Preparation
135
Anxiety and Arousal Reducers
136
Effective Precontest Arousal Raisers
137
Coaching Strategies for Half-time and Time-outs
139
Incorrect Strategies That Increase Anxiety and Arousal
140
Guidelines for Managing Anxiety
141
Choking in Sport
142
Strategies for Overcoming "The Choke"
144
Key Points
144
Review Questions
145
Chapter 7 Coping with Sport Stress
146
What Is Coping?
147
The Coping Process
147
Coping
148
Coping Styles and Coping Strategies
149
Individual Differences in Sport Coping: Gender, Race, Culture
151
Effective Coping
152
Generalizability of Coping Skills
153
Key Points
154
Review Questions
154
Chapter 8 Sport Psychology Interventions
155
Interventions
156
Self-Regulation in Sport
156
Cognitive Strategies (Mental Skills)
157
Behavioral Strategies
157
Coping with Stress
158
Coping with Physical Discomfort and Pain
159
Stress Inoculation Training (SIT)
159
The COPE Model
160
Other Stress Management Techniques
161
Imagery
161
Examples of Imagery Programs
161
Objective: To Learn a New Skill or Strategy
161
Objective: Gaining Self-Confidence
161
Objective: Overcoming a Slump
162
Building Mental Toughness
162
Mindfulness
163
Relaxation
163
Behavioral Strategies
163
The Science of Goal Setting
163
Team Goals
167
Light Physical Activity/Exercise
167
Music
167
Key Points
168
Review Questions
168
Chapter 9 Aggression in Sport
169
Defining Terms: What Is Aggression?
170
Theoretical Bases of Aggression
172
Biological/Instinct Theories
172
The Catharsis Hypothesis
173
Frustration-Aggression Hypothesis
174
Social Learning Theory
176
Aggression and Sport Performance
177
Arousal, Aggression, and Sport Performance
177
Pros and Cons of Aggressive Performance
178
The Assertive Athlete
179
Implications for Coaches and Athletes
179
Gender Differences and Aggression in Sport
181
Mental Control of Anger
182
Anger Management Strategies
182
Spectators and Violence in Sport
184
Key Points
185
Review Questions
186
Chapter 10 Athletes Speak for Themselves
187
About Practice
189
Pregame Issues
190
During the Game
192
Postgame Behaviors
193
Behaviors Off the Field or Court
195
Differing Perceptions between Coach and Athlete
196
Key Points
199
Review Questions
199
SECTION III COACHING PSYCHOLOGY
Chapter 11 Effective Communication and Mentoring Techniques
200
Coach Communication Skills: The Need for Dialogue
201
The Ten Commandments of Effective Communication in Sport
203
I Thou Shalt Be Honest
204
II Thou Shalt Not Be Defensive
205
III Thou Shalt Be Consistent
207
IV Thou Shalt Be Empathetic
208
V Thou Shalt Not Be Sarcastic
208
VI Thou Shalt Praise and Criticize Behavior, Not Personality
209
VII Thou Shalt Respect the Integrity of Others
213
VIII Thou Shalt Use Positive Nonverbal Cues
216
IX Thou Shalt Teach Skills
217
X Thou Shalt Interact Consistently with All Team Members
218
The Importance of the Nonstarter
219
Approaching the Coach: When Athletes Take the Initiative
219
The Coach-Athlete Meeting
219
Written Feedback
221
The Mentoring Coach
223
The Need to Mentor Athletes
224
Team Mentoring
225
Fundamental Mentoring Skills
225
Listening
225
Showing Concern
225
Being Supportive
226
Respecting Privacy
226
Effective Team Meetings
226
Team Meeting Procedures
226
Planning the Team Meeting
228
Implementing the Meeting
230
The Heart of Communication: Self-Awareness
232
Key Points
233
Review Questions
233
Chapter 12 Leadership in Sport: A Matter of Style
234
Roles of the Coach
235
Leader
235
Follower
235
Teacher
236
Role Model
236
Limit Setter/Disciplinarian
236
Psychologist or Counselor
236
Mentor
237
Parent Substitute
237
Successful versus Effective Leadership
238
Successful (but Ineffective) Coaches
238
Effective Leaders
239
Qualities of Effective Leaders
240
Theories of Leadership in Sport
241
Fiedler's Contingency Model
241
The Life Cycle Theory
243
The Multidimensional Model
244
Mediational Model
245
Theory X and Theory Y
246
Tannenbaum and Schmidt's Model
247
What Leadership Theories Do and Do Not Tell Us
248
Leadership Styles
249
Autocratic Coaching
249
Behavioristic Coaching
251
Humanistic Coaching
254
Democratic Coaching
257
Applying Different Coaching Styles in Sport
259
What We Still Don't Know about Sport Leadership
259
The Workaholic Coach
260
Coaches Speak for Themselves
261
Do Coaches and Athletic Directors Accept Sport Psychology Service?
263
Key Points
264
Review Questions
265
Chapter 13 Team Cohesion and Group Dynamics
266
How a Group Becomes a Team
267
Evolution of a Team
268
Forming
268
Storming
268
Norming
269
Performing
269
A Who's Who of Team Personnel
269
Qualities of an Effective Team
270
Developing an Effective Team Climate
271
Factors That Most Affect Team Climate
271
Team Climate Checklist for Athletes
274
Group Dynamics: The Roles and Interactions of Team Members
275
Everyone Has a Role
275
The Positive Leader
275
The Negative Leader
276
The Follower
277
The Isolate
277
The Scapegoat
279
The Comedian (Clown)
280
Team Cohesion
281
What Is Group Cohesion?
281
Measuring Group Cohesion
281
Group Cohesion Inventories
282
Factors That Influence Group Cohesion
283
Collective Efficacy: The Group's Beliefs about Member Competence
285
Does Cohesion Affect Player Satisfaction?
286
Does Cohesion Affect Team Performance?
286
Factors That Inhibit Cohesion
288
Suggestions for Improving Team Cohesion
288
Self-Handicapping (SH)
289
Social Loafing
290
Key Points
291
Review Questions
291
SECTION IV PSYCHOLOGY OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Chapter 14 Applied Exercise Psychology: An Emerging Area in Sport Psychology
293
What Is Exercise Psychology?
295
Exercise Motivation: A State of Mind
296
Measuring Exercise Motivation
296
Exercise Barriers
297
Psychological Benefits of Exercise
299
Stress Reduction
299
Anxiety Management
299
Mood Effects
300
Self-Esteem Support
300
Theories and Models in Exercise Psychology
300
Health Belief Model
300
Theories of Reasoned Action and Planned Behavior
301
Self-Determination Theory
303
Self-Efficacy Theory
303
Transtheoretical Model
304
Exercise Adherence and Compliance
306
Why Exercisers Quit: Exercise Barriers
307
Exercise Interventions
307
Exercise Adherence Strategies: How Exercisers Can Avoid Quitting
307
Resistance (Strength) Training
308
Strategies for Enhancing Exercise Adherence and Compliance
309
Exercise Addiction/Dependence
311
Positive Addiction to Exercise
311
Negative Addiction to Exercise: A Mental Disorder?
312
How to Avoid Negative Exercise Addiction
314
Exercise Interventions: Applying Exercise Psychology
314
Behavioral Strategies
314
Cognitive Strategies
322
Key Points
324
Review Questions
325
Chapter 15 Conclusions and Future Directions
326
Challenges in the Future Development of Sport Psychology
326
Future Directions and Recommendations
328
The Emergence of Exercise Psychology
331
Re-examining the Field of Sport Psychology: Where Are We Going?
331
Limitations and Overcoming Obstacles
331
Challenges to New Graduates
333
Recommendations for Future Graduates
336
Appendix Research and Measurement in Sport Psychology339
References349
Index373

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