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Introduction to Flat Panel Displays

Introduction to Flat Panel DisplaysTitoloIntroduction to Flat Panel Displays
AutoreLee, Jiun-Haw ; Liu, David N. ; Wu, Shin-Tson
Prezzo
Sconto -7%
€ 84,37   Spedizioni gratuite in Italia
(Prezzo € 90,72)
CategoriaTechnology: Electronics - Circuits
RilegaturaHardcover
Dati280 p.; ill.
Anno2008
EditoreWiley
CollanaWiley Series in Display Technology
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Descrizione
Provides comprehensive coverage of flat panel display technologies, describing the fundamental physics and materials. An advanced text covering the fundamental physics and materials behind FPD technology, a technology that has many applications including mobile phones, TVs and computers.

Indice e argomenti trattati
Series Editor's Forewordxi
About the authorsxiii
Prefacexv
Acknowledgementsxvii
Introduction
1
Flat panel displays
1
Emissive and nonemissive displays
3
Display specifications
3
Physical parameters
3
Brightness and color
5
Contrast ratio
5
Spatial and temporal characteristics
5
Efficiency and power consumption
6
Flexible displays
6
Applications of flat panel displays
6
Liquid crystal displays
7
Light-emitting diodes
7
Plasma display panels
8
Organic light-emitting devices
8
Field emission displays
9
References
9
Color science and engineering
11
Introduction
11
The eye
12
Colorimetry
15
Trichromatic space
15
CIE 1931 colorimetric observations
16
CIE 1976 uniform color system
19
Color saturation and color gamut
21
Light sources
22
Sunlight and blackbody radiators
22
Backlights of transmissive displays
23
Color rendering index
24
Photometry
25
Production and reproduction of colors
27
Homework problems
28
References
28
Thin-film transistors
31
Introduction
31
Basic concepts of crystallized semiconductor materials
31
Band structure of crystallized semiconductors
32
Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors
36
Disordered semiconductors
38
Amorphous silicon
39
Polycrystalline silicon
41
Thin-film transistor characteristics
43
Passive matrix and active matrix driving schemes
47
Non-silicon-based thin-film transistors
53
Homework problems
55
References
56
Liquid crystal displays
57
Introduction
57
Transmissive thin-film transistor liquid crystal displays
58
Liquid crystal materials
60
Phase transition temperatures
60
Eutectic mixtures
61
Dielectric constants
62
Elastic constants
65
Rotational viscosity
65
Optical properties
66
Refractive indices
67
Wavelength effect
67
Temperature effect
68
Liquid crystal alignment
70
Homogeneous cell
71
Phase retardation effect
72
Voltage-dependent transmittance
73
Twisted nematic
73
Optical transmittance
74
Viewing angle
75
Film-compensated TN cells
76
In-plane switching
78
Device structure
78
Voltage-dependent transmittance
79
Viewing angle
79
Phase compensation films
80
Fringe field switching
81
Vertical alignment
83
Voltage-dependent transmittance
83
Response time
83
Overdrive and undershoot voltage method
85
Multidomain vertical alignment
86
Optically compensated bend cell
88
Voltage-dependent transmittance
88
Compensation films for OCB
89
No-bias bend cell
91
Transflective liquid crystal displays
91
Introduction
91
Dual cell gap transflective LCDs
93
Single cell gap transflective LCDs
95
Future directions
101
Homework problems
101
References
103
Plasma display panels
109
Introduction
109
Physics of gas discharge
109
I-V characteristics
110
Penning reaction and Paschen curve
111
Priming mechanism
112
Plasma display panels
112
DC PDP
112
AC PDP
113
Panel processes
115
Front plate techniques
117
Substrate
118
Sustain electrode
118
Dielectric
119
Protection layer
119
Rear plate techniques
120
Substrate
121
Address electrode
121
Dielectric
121
Barrier rib
122
Phosphor
124
Assembly and aging techniques
126
Sealing layer formation and panel alignment
126
Sealing, gas purging and display gas filling
127
Aging
128
System techniques
128
Cell operation mechanism
129
Driving
130
Energy saving
130
PDP issues
132
Homework problems
132
References
132
Light-emitting diodes
137
Introduction
137
Material systems
140
AlGaAs and AlGaInP material systems for red and yellow LEDs
142
GaN-based systems for green, blue and UV LEDs
143
White LEDs
145
Diode characteristics
147
The p-layer and n-layer
148
Depletion region
149
J-V characteristics
152
Heterojunction structures
153
Quantum well, quantum wire and quantum dot structures
154
Light-emitting characteristics
155
Recombination model
156
L-J characteristics
157
Spectral characteristics
158
Device fabrication
161
Epitaxy
161
Process flow and device structure design
164
Extraction efficiency improvement
165
Package
167
Applications
168
Traffic signals, electronic signage and huge displays
169
LCD backlight
169
General lighting
172
Homework problems
173
References
174
Organic light-emitting devices
177
Introduction
177
Energy states in organic materials
178
Photophysical processes
179
Franck-Condon principle
180
Fluorescence and phosphorescence
182
Jablonski diagram
183
Intermolecular processes
184
Energy transfer process
184
Excimer and exciplex formation
185
Quenching process
187
Quantum yield calculation
187
Carrier injection, transport and recombination
189
Richardson-Schottky thermionic emission
190
SCLC, TCLC and PF mobility
192
Charge recombination
193
Electromagnetic wave radiation
193
Structure, fabrication and characterization
195
Device structure
196
Two-layer OLED
197
Dopant in the matrix as the EML
198
HIL, EIL and p-i-n structure
200
Top-emission and transparent OLEDs
203
Polymer OLEDs
204
Device fabrication
205
Thin-film formation
206
Encapsulation and passivation
209
Device structures for AM driving
210
Electrical and optical characteristics
211
Degradation mechanisms
213
Improvement of internal quantum efficiency
218
Phosphorescent OLEDs
218
Tandem structure
220
White OLEDs
222
Improvement of extraction efficiency
224
Homework problems
225
References
226
Field emission displays
233
Introduction
233
Physics of field emission
233
Work Junction and field enhancement
233
Vacuum mechanism
236
FED structure and display mechanism
237
Emitter
238
Spindt emitter
239
CNT emitter
240
Surface conduction emitter
243
Panel process
244
Field emission array plate techniques
247
Phosphor plate techniques
248
Assembly and aging techniques
249
Spacer
251
Sealing layer formation and panel alignment
251
Sealing
252
Evacuation and sealing off
252
Aging
253
System techniques
253
Homework problems
254
References
254
Index259
Forewordvi
Prefaceviii
Acknowledgementsxiii
Introduction1
PART I PRACTICAL SKILLS
11
The foundations: a framework for practice when using online counselling skills
13
Establishing an online presence and online relationship
30
Online expression
55
Online listening, attunement and attending to the client
76
Establishing and maintaining an open dialogue
99
PART II PROFESSIONAL CONSIDERATIONS
121
Online assessment and contracting
123
Professional considerations in online practice
143
Professional guidelines for online practice
159
Conclusion177
Index187

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