EN have always experienced difficulty in perceiving the M thrust of deeper tendencies beneath the surface phenomena of their day. Particularly when long-established institutional sys tems have been breaking up under them have they tended to mis take symptom for cause and to greet predictions of major change with incredulity and aversion. In the main, they wrestle with ob vious immediacies in familiar terms; for the rest, the deeper tend encies, they. Prefer to wait and see. If such a policy has seemed to be not without some justification in more leisurely eras of change, it is today nothing less than disastrous. For we are living through one of the great climactic eras of history, a major faulting of the institutional crust. A symptom of the extent of current change is the extreme ideological confusion. Fascist monopoly capitalism adopts National Socialism; organized industry Opposes organized labor in the name of democracy; and ideological Opposites fight Side by side for goals that sound alike only because they are left vague. In such a time, when men and their most cherished concerns are being dragged headlong at the heels of confused events, the one chance for constructive recovery of control lies in the diagnosis of underlying causes.