The third edition of Canadian Federalism: Performance, Effectiveness, and Legitimacy offers 18 original essays that cast a critical eye on the institutions, processes, and policy outcomes of Canadian federalism. This text documents how Canadian intergovernmental relations have evolved in response to such issues as fiscal deficits; the chronic questioning of the Canadian federal system's legitimacy by many Quebec voters and Aboriginal groups, among others; health care; environmental policies; and international trade. Contributed by prominent Canadian political scientists, this collection evaluates the ability of the federal system to meet these and other challenges, and also highlights the factors that will likely shape future paths of federalism in Canada. This edition includes new chapters on Quebec, regionalism, and immigration. It also offers enhanced pedagogical features, making the text more comprehensive and accessible to students.