This observation will help one to an understanding Of some portions of the English administration of Ireland. The English administration of Ireland has not been marked by any unnecessary cruelty. Every crime that the English have planned and carried ou\t in Ireland has had a definite end. Every absurdity that they have set up has had a grave purpose. The Famine was not enacted merely from a love Of horror. The Boards that rule Ireland were not con trived in order to add to the gaiety of nations. The Famine and the Boards are alike parts of a profound polity.