In a diverse country like India, the level of economic development in different states differs widely, owing to varied economic structures and historical experiences. This book presents a comprehensive account of the economy of Odisha, one of the lesser developed states of the country. The chapters in the book have been contributed by 26 academic researchers, each dealing with a different aspect of Odishas economy. Covering various sectors like agriculture, industries, mining, transportation, education, and health, the book provides detailed factual information about the states economy and specific problems such as poverty and malnutrition that continue to affect the states development. Providing a critique of the strategy of development that has been pursued in the state in the recent years, the book discusses the recent growth experience of Odisha and the impact of fiscal adjustments within the state.