What do you think is the culprit for temple headaches? As mentioned before, the underlying cause of temple headaches do differ.It is important that we understand the different factors that causes pain in the temple region in order to treat the symptoms fast and effectively. Tension headaches, TMJ dysfunction and temporal Arteritis are some of them. Surely, the temple region is mostly affected by headache pain.The affected area is dependent from the headache's underlying cause. There are people who complain of pain in both temples while there are others who happen to feel pain on only one side. Besides location, the severity of the temple headache differs as well. Most of the time, temple headaches are not dangerous and will go away spontaneously on its own, but there are cases of temple headaches that serve as warning signs for a more serious health condition..