The camp of Lone Pine, chief of the Salish, or Flatheads, was on'the banks of the Red Willow River, a beautiful stream ﬂowing through the forests of the Bitterroot Mountains, in what we now call western Montana. Its cold, trans lucent waters come from the Springs and snows far up among the mountain crags. Beautiful lodges or tepees made from the dressed Skins of buffalo and elk were scattered everywhere among the pines. The village was like the camps of hundreds of other Indian chiefs or head men, which stood beside the forest stream, by the quiet brook of the open plain, by the lake in the mountains, or on the grassy bank of the prairie lake. A camp site was never adopted by chance, but was chosen for a definite purpose. In some cases the object was fishing; in others to hunt the buffalo, or elk and deer; or to dig roots and gather berries and other wild fruits.