This paper does not attempt to offer a complete ethnology of the Labrador Eskimo, but to bring out the main facts of their life, and particularly those differences which mark them off as a separate division of the Eskimo world. After all, the ethnological divisions of the Eskimo are' geographical rather than cultural. The author has drawn on his own experience for comparisons with the western Eskimo and on standard authors for other sections. The ethnological literature on the Labrador Eskimo is scanty and devoted to sections of Labrador rather than to the Eskimo of the Labrador peninsula as a whole. Turner's inter esting account is limited to Ungava; the Moravian writers have given us some descriptions of Eskimo life on the east coast.