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The Mnusey of the German settlers, or in English the Minsi Indians, were the third division of the Letini Lenape or Delaware tribe. The first and ruling division was the Unami (Tortoise); the second the Wunslichtgo (Turkey); the third the Minsi (Wolf). The first inhabited New Jersey south and east of Pahoqualin mountain to the Atlantic ocean; the second occupied all the mountainous region south of the country of the Acquanaschioih, or Five (Six) Nations in Pennsylvania and part of Ohio, and were termed the Highlanders; the third occupied as we have seen, the Delaware and Neversink river flats and were termed the Lovvlanders. The three divisions each spoke a different dialect, yet could understand each other. They were also easily distinguished by their accent and the tribal totem which each warrior usually kept displayed in a sketch upon his person or arms. Thus at the capture of Wyltwyek (Kingston) by the Indians in September, 1663, the Dutch people easily recognized the Mnusey Indians among their assailants.
The Minisink war was undertaken by the Delawares, sanctioned by the Six Nations, against the settlers in Pennsylvania Minisink for frauds perpetrated on them, and it was settled by Teedyuscnng in 1758. The French war began about 1764 and was carried on by predatory bands of warriors instigated by the wars between the English colonies and the French colony in Canada. After the English captured Canada there was a short cessation of Indian troubles, later revived by the Revolutionary war.
During all these early wars there resided a considerable number of white people in Jersey Miuisink, who. besides the Indian wars, were involved for half a century in a struggle between the states of New York and New Jersey, as to which of them owned the lauds in that region. This arose from a dispute over the boundary line between the states.
The scene of our story is laid in the disputed laud district. The states agreed that the line between them should begin on the Hudson river in latitude 41 degrees and 40 minutes, and should run to the most northern branch of the Delaware river.