Parliamentary Law sets forth the proper mode of Procedure in deliberative bodies. Its object is to expedite business, obviate friction, secure justice, maintain equality, and preserve dignity.
Its rules have been made at no one time, nor by any one nation, but have been gradually formulated, and are still in process of evolution. Some of them are probably centuries old, while others are barely established by consensus of recent opinion. The British Parliament had so much to do in their making, that its name adheres to them in all countries where English is spoken; but in America these rules have been adapted to another form of government, and are not identical with those followed in England. Even within the United States the rules vary, not only in the different States but often in legislative bodies of the same State. Yet their fundamental principles are always the same, and they are applicable in all situations.