Roman drama is a genre of Latin literature that was influential both in the cultural life of the ancient Romans and in the European theatre tradition. Plays of Plautus, Terence and Seneca are still very well known today; yet there were numerous works by other poets besides, though they survive only in fragmentary form. On the basis of a selection of paradigmatic sample texts by a number of Roman dramatists, this anthology provides a stimulating overview of the entire literary genre, including its various subtypes (tragedy, praetexta, comedy, togata, mime) and its historical development. To make these texts accessible to a wide readership, new English translations (on facing pages) as well as introductions to the individual excerpts and to the general context have been included. A selection of relevant testimonia provides information about the cultural background to Roman drama and ancient views on this literary genre. Paradigmatic extracts from dramas written in England between the sixteenth and twentieth centuries illustrate the continuing influence of Roman plays. Thus this anthology conveniently documents the history of an interesting and exciting literary genre from its beginnings to the modern period.