His grandfathers had lived in perilous times and one of them, if not the other, had been a sufferer in the persecutions under Queen Mary. Thomas Hubbard, the father of James and the grandfather of Samuel, went to his death at the stake rather than recant his Protestantism. It was believed by his grandson that his fate was related in Fox's Book of Martyrs (book iii, Chap xiv.)under the name of Thomas Highed. If that belief be correct, as it probably is, the story in brief is as follows.