From the reign of Henry VIII onwards we have a well marked distinction between the old-fashioned roth and 1sth, for which we continue to have documents up to the reign of James I, and the Subsidies proper (see the Statute of Henry VIII c. For which we have continually fresh assessments and consequently fresh lists of names. In addition, we have the records of various extraordinary taxations such as the Subsidy of (6 Henry VIII) and various 'loans and 'benevolences,' which generally supply us with documents containing lists of inhabitants liable to contribute. And so we come finally to the taxations of the 17th century, ending with the unwieldy but valuable records of the payments of Hearth Tax under Charles II, one of which for Surrey (subs. Has no less than 114 membranes. With this period the Lay Subsidy class ends. We must not, however, omit from our survey the class of Clerical Subsidies? Arranged under dioceses; which considerably increase our Surrey material, since the county touches the two ancient dioceses of Canterbury and Winchester. Lists of names, however, are rare in these. Finally, we have to mention the class of Certificates 0/ Residence documents, as their name implies, intended to prevent double charging of individuals who had moved from one county to another. Unfortunately they have been, in modern times, separated from the subsidy documents, to which they properly belong and their county connections are not always easy to trace. They belong mainly to the reigns of Elizabeth and James I.