This volume is the first scholarly edition of Samuel Johnson's translation of Jean Pierre de Crousaz's Commentaire sur la traduction en vers de M. Abbe Du Resnel, de l'Essai de M. Pope sur l'homme, published in 1739. Included are notes comparing Johnson's translation with the French original to show his method of translation and historical annotations. Of special interest are several lengthy footnotes that Johnson added to his translation. Among these are thoughts relating to the problem of evil, particularly the ruling passion and the necessity of free will. Many of the ideas first given expression here were to occupy Johnson's mind for the remainder of his life.