This volume focuses on how colleges can, and must, help its faculty with the challenge of balancing careers and family. This is a challenge for colleges and universities if they are to recruit and retain the most able faculty. In particular, as long as women are at a structural disadvantage in pursuing faculty careers to the full extent of their abilities, colleges and universities will not be drawing from the complete pool of potential faculty members. "The Challenge of Balancing Faculty Careers and Family Work" is an instructive and informative issue for both college faculty and administrators, filled with important analysis of the current collegiate working climate, recent studies, and innovative ideas, written by experienced and thoughtful contributors. This is the 130th issue of the Jossey-Bass quarterly report series "New Directions for Higher Education".