Probabilistic Design for Optimization and Robustness: * Presents the theory of modeling with variation using physical models and methods for practical applications on designs more insensitive to variation. * Provides a comprehensive guide to optimization and robustness for probabilistic design. * Features examples, case studies and exercises throughout. The methods presented can be applied to a wide range of disciplines such as mechanics, electrics, chemistry, aerospace, industry and engineering. This text is supported by an accompanying website featuring videos, interactive animations to aid the readers understanding.