The fourth edition of Canadian Cities in Transition: New Directions in the Twenty-First Century has been completely revised and updated to reflect the most current trends and issues concerning urban city centres in Canada and globally. This text examines urbanization through the lens of urban geography, from both traditional and modern perspectives. By including a breadth of classic and fresh material, from the foundations of urban geography, to Aboriginal populations, environmental damage, and urban food systems, this edition covers the most relevant topics in the discipline. With new pedagogical aids including chapter-end review questions and 'Building the City' links to cross-reference between chapters, this text provides a comprehensive yet accessible approach to the discipline. The 25 chapters are further supported by abundant illustrative material and the most recent census data available.