A new edition of "The Challenge of Diversity" with new introduction from the editors, which compares today's statistics to those in 1989. The original monograph is still valuable and relevant, and it is presented in its original form. In 1989, when "The Challenge of Diversity" was first published, the monograph made the case that the country's changing demographics required reframing diversity to focus on institutions capacity to educate and involve an increasingly diverse student population. Looking at current research, the book pointed to patterns of alienation, not involvement. Our demographics are indeed different today, but many of the same challenges remain: access and success for historically underrepresented minority groups, but also the basic institutional issues such as curriculum, climate, and hiring. At the same time, the context has changed: nontraditional students (older students, women, and part timers) are now mainstream, and numbers of some minority groups and multiracial students continues to grow. While higher education has changed profoundly, our institutions still have not yet developed the capacity to successfuly educate the diversity of students present on our campuses today. In addition, we are experiencing a backlash to some diversity initiatives, and societal factors indicate that higher education needs to become more proactive in responding favorably to diversity. If the monograph were first published today, we would call it The Imperative of Diversity. This is Volume 30 Issue 6 of the Jossey Bass series "ASHE Higher Education Report."