This book examines the state of China's grand strategy in the 21st century, including political, military and economic factors. Over the past two decades, the People's Republic of China (PRC) has attained the second highest gross domestic product in the world, taken a leadership role in East Asian regional organisations and substantially improved its military capabilities. Each of these developments - and many others like them - have attracted attention from scholars, journalists and policymakers. Less frequently acknowledged - but perhaps of greater significance - is the impressive congruence of Beijing's accomplishments. This book highlights how the PRC's successes support one another and pave the way for future accomplishments, and how these successes seem to be achieved in an unusually coherent and purposeful way. As Beijing's relations with the rest of the world continue to evolve, with events ranging from the ongoing global economic crisis to the turbulence in China's own stock market which may bring the PRC's government under pressure to re-order its priorities, this book assesses China's grand strategy and long-term approach to national policy. It identifies the political, military and economic instruments it is likely to use, the key challenges which it will face, and explores the implications for the global community. This book will be of great interest to students of Chinese politics, foreign policy, strategic studies, international security and IR in general.