Pakistan and Norway entered into an agreement in 2005 to start a multi-sector Institutions Co-operation Programme. Oslo University College, Norway entered into a partnership with Institute of Education & Research (IER) University of Peshawar and The Aga Khan University - Institute for Educational Development (AKU-IED) to develop institutional capacity, particularly of IER-PU by (i) strengthening, planning and implementing educational programmes offered by IER-PU, and (ii) strengthening teacher education programmes for improving quality of education. This is the first tripartite partnership in higher education sub-sector, which has successfully completed three years. The partnership has provided an excellent opportunity for the faculty from the public and the private sector teacher education institutions in Pakistan to work collaboratively to improve education in Pakistan. This joint venture has lead to an idea of dissemination it the wider audience for which this book has been developed. This publication gives a full account of the abovementioned joint research studies focusing on teaching, learning, teacher education, education leadership and management, assessment practices, whole school improvement initiative.