Enumerating articles from two centuries of periodical publications, this volume is devoted entirely to articles dealing with textual and literary criticism of the Old Testament. Included are sections on papyri and ostraca; pre-masoretic and masoretic texts; ancient versions, including the LXX, Vulgate, Coptic, and Syriac; early and modern English translations; foreign language translations (i.e.., other than English); hermeneutics; and translation principles and problems. The section on literary criticism comprises the greater part of the volume, covering authorship, authenticity, unity, the canon, historical reliability, the documentary hypothesis, and O.T. backgrounds. Over 600 entries are listed under the general heading of literary criticism. The remainder of the volume includes a listing of articles on the various books of the Old Testament arranged according to the Hebrew Bible, with subdivisions on major topics throughout.