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Dream psychology. Psychoanalysis for beginners

Sigmund Freud

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Editore: Narcissus.me
Formato: EPUB
Testo in en
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Dimensioni: 201,55 KB
  • EAN: 9786050467116
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Sigmund Freud was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst. Freud was born to Galician Jewish parents in the Moravian town of Freiberg, in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. He qualified as a doctor of medicine in 1881 at the University of Vienna. Upon completing his habilitation in 1885, he was appointed a docent in neuropathology and became an affiliated professor in 1902. Freud lived and worked in Vienna, having set up his clinical practice there in 1886. In 1938 Freud left Austria to escape the Nazis. He died in exile in the United Kingdom in 1939.

In creating psychoanalysis, Freud developed therapeutic techniques such as the use of free association and discovered transference, establishing its central role in the analytic process. Freud's redefinition of sexuality to include its infantile forms led him to formulate the Oedipus complex as the central tenet of psychoanalytical theory. His analysis of dreams as wish-fulfillments provided him with models for the clinical analysis of symptom formation and the mechanisms of repression as well as for elaboration of his theory of the unconscious. Freud postulated the existence of libido, an energy with which mental processes and structures are invested and which generates erotic attachments, and a death drive, the source of compulsive repetition, hate, aggression and neurotic guilt. In his later work Freud developed a wide-ranging interpretation and critique of religion and culture.

Psychoanalysis remains influential within psychology, psychiatry, and psychotherapy, and across the humanities. As such, it continues to generate extensive and highly contested debate with regard to its therapeutic efficacy, its scientific status, and whether it advances or is detrimental to the feminist cause. Nonetheless, Freud's work has suffused contemporary Western thought and popular culture. In the words of W. H. Auden's 1940 poetic tribute, by the time of Freud's death, he had become "a whole climate of opinion / under whom we conduct our different lives."
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    La sua famiglia si trasferì a Vienna nel 1860 a causa di difficoltà economiche e Sigmund visse in quella città fino al 1938 quando l'annessione dell'Austria alla Germania nazista e la sua condizione di ebreo lo costrinsero ad emigrare a Londra. Frequentò per otto anni l'Istituto Superiore "Sperl Gimnasyum", sino alla maturità. Si iscrisse a medicina, facoltà che frequentò con forte senso critico fino alla laurea conseguita nel 1881. Dopo la laurea andò a Londra, ma ritornato iniziò a lavorare in un laboratorio di zoologia di Vienna dove prese contatto con il darwinismo. Passò quindi a lavorare in laboratorio all'Istituto di Fisiologia dove condusse importanti ricerche in ambito neuro-istologico. Dopo sei anni... Approfondisci
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