The Politics of Memory and Democratization: Transitional Justice in Democratizing Societies

Anno: 2000
Rilegatura: Hardback
Pagine: 440 p.
Testo in English
Dimensioni: 242 x 165 mm
Peso: 782 gr.
  • EAN: 9780199240807
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Descrizione
One of the most important political and ethical questions faced during a political transition from authoritarian or totalitarian to democratic rule is how to deal with legacies of repression. Indeed, some of the most fundamental questions regarding law, morality and politics are raised at such times, as societies look back to understand how they lost their moral and political compass, failing to contain violence and promote the values of tolerance and peace. The Politics of Memory and Democratization sheds light on this important aspect of transitional politics, assessing how Portugal, Spain, the countries of Central and Eastern Europe and Germany after reunification, Russia, the Southern Cone of Latin America and Central America, as well as South Africa, have confronted legacies of repression. The book examines the presence - or absence - of three types of official efforts to come to terms with the past: truth commissions, trials and amnesties, purges. In addition, it looks at unofficial initiatives emerging from within society, usually involving human rights organisations (HROs), churches or political parties. Where relevant, it also examines the 'politics of memory,' whereby societies re-work the past in an effort to come to terms with it, both during the transitions and long after official transitional policies have been implemented or forgotten. The book also assesses the significance of forms of reckoning with the past for a process of democratization or democratic deepening. It also offers analyses made 'from the inside' as well as 'from the outside in.' In other words, it focuses on how national elites and civil societies deal with the past and also analyses the role of international actors. This is important, as external players are becoming increasingly influential in shaping national policy where human rights are concerned.